Hypothesis Test: Given a hypothesis H0 (or null hypothesis) (P = 0.8), we test if it is plausible or not. First, we define the Alternate Hypothesis H1 (P < 0.8), calculate the critical region, then we check if the sample result falls into the critical region.
These thoughts were extracted from Udacity online course and cover topics such as: Visualizing relationships in data, Probability, Estimation, Outliers and Normal Distribution, Inference and Regression.
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The standard score is the signed number of standard deviations by which the value of an observation or data point is above the mean value of what is being observed or measured. Observed values above the mean have positive standard scores, while values below the mean have negative standard scores. z = (x - μ)/σ