If the probability of P(H) = 0.5, then P(H, H) would be: P(H) * P(H) = 0.25
These thoughts were extracted from Udacity online course and cover topics such as: Visualizing relationships in data, Probability, Estimation, Outliers and Normal Distribution, Inference and Regression.
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The standard score is the signed number of standard deviations by which the value of an observation or data point is above the mean value of what is being observed or measured. Observed values above the mean have positive standard scores, while values below the mean have negative standard scores. z = (x - μ)/σ
The other part of our proposal that gets the 'dittoheads' upset is our suggestion that the commercial radio station owners either play by the rules or pay. In other words, if they don't want to be subject to local criticism of how they are meeting their license obligations, they should pay to support public broadcasters who will operate on behalf of the local community.